More Film 101: Lighting
Here’s a quick how-to on maximizing your lighting resources for video work.
If possible, use at least two lighting sources for any given shot. This will help create a natural look without a lot of harsh shadows.
Position your primary light, called a key light, roughly in the same position as your camera so that it is illuminating your subject from straight on.
Position your secondary light, called a fill light, off to one side so that it eliminates the shadows cast by the key light. If you don’t have second light you can place a white poster board off to one side and bounce the light from your key light to generate the same effect.
If you want to get REALLY fancy you can place a third light source behind your subject. This is called, surprisingly, a back light and acts to separate your subject from the background.
The picture below is an example of a basic lighting set up with a key light and a fill light. My cat is the subject. See how natural he looks! He was born for the camera.