Layering, Flattening, Selecting and Other Basics of Photoshop


Tip2: Once you save a copy of the image you want to alter, there’s a way to work on your image using layers. Layers allow you to save each adjustment made on your image as a layer which you can go back to and adjust independently of all others at any time.

To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Open your image (copy – not original)
  2. Click on “Layer” on the menu bar
  3. Select “Duplicate Layer”
  4. Name your new layer and click “OK” (This will now have you at 2 layers; the first is called the background layer.)
  5. On the layers tab, select the background layer
  6. Click select on the menu bar
  7. Select All
  8. Press “Delete” on keyboard; the thumbnail for the background layer should now turn white.
  9. Click “Select” on the menu bar
  10. Select “Deselect”
  11. Select your newest layer (layer#2) on the layers tab and begin working!

Note: To add additional layers to your image, select “New” from the Layer menu or use the “Create New Layer” button on the layers palette. Remove unwanted layersby selecting the unwanted layer in the layers palette and drag it to the garbage can. Reorder your layers by selecting and dragging the layer in the layers palette.Adjust the opacity of a layer in the layer palette to create special effects.

Tip3: Saving your image with the Photoshop extension (.psd) will save your layers if you plan to work to continuously adjust your image. Only save the image in jpeg format (.jpg) if you are satisfied and finished with the image!

If saving as jpeg, first Flatten your image.

Follow these steps:

  1. Click “Layer” on the menu bar.
  2. Select “Flatten Image”
  3. Save your file.

Note: After you flatten an image, the layers will no longer be available for editing! Take Caution! Also, when you do something you really like and would hate to lose, SAVE! Periodic saving will prevent you from making a boo-boo when you know you’ve hit the proverbial jackpot in an editing step.

Tip4: If you edit your image and don’t like the outcome – no worries. Revert. Reverting your image will take it back to the settings you’ve established at the last periodic “save.” Find this action in the “File” menu.

Tip5: To resize a selection, follow these steps:

  1. Click “Edit” in the menu bar
  2. Select “Transform”
  3. Select “Scale”
  4. Click and drag to resize selection
  5. Press enter

Tip6: To rotate a selection, follow these steps:

  1. Click “Edit” on the menu bar
  2. Select “Transform”
  3. Select “Rotate”
  4. Click and drag to rotate selection.
  5. Press enter

Tip7: To crop an image, follow these steps:

  1. Select the crop tool from the toolbox on the left edge of your screen
  2. Click and drag to select the area you want to keep.
  3. Press enter

Tip8: Several tools can be used to make a selection:

  1. Rectangular Marque
  2. Elliptical Marque
  3. Lasso
  4. Magnetic Lasso
  5. Magic Wand

Note: When adding to or subtracting from a selection, use the “Add to Selection” or “Subtract from Selection” buttons located on the menu bar. Also, it’s sometimes easier to select the part of the image that you don’t want. Select this area and then use the Inverse command found in the “Select” menu.


~ by KrystalElaine on January 24, 2011.

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